Sunday, November 1, 2009

Maoists in India

The New York Times has an article about the escalating fight against Maoist rebels in India. It includes this map:

maoists in india map

Says the Times:
India’s Maoist rebels are now present in 20 states and have evolved into a potent and lethal insurgency. In the last four years, the Maoists have killed more than 900 Indian security officers, a figure almost as high as the more than 1,100 members of the coalition forces killed in Afghanistan during the same period.

If the Maoists were once dismissed as a ragtag band of outdated ideologues, Indian leaders are now preparing to deploy nearly 70,000 paramilitary officers for a prolonged counterinsurgency campaign to hunt down the guerrillas in some of the country’s most rugged, isolated terrain.
The rebels claim to represent many of India's impoerished people, especially among its indigenous tribal groups. Despite their violent tactics, they have some support among intellectuals in India, including the writer Arundhati Roy. They're not to be confused with the above-ground Communist Party, which is a force in Indian politics.


Gus Snarp said...

Why Maoism is actually an ideology that appears to be growing in some places is a mystery to me. Dear Maoists, you do realize that the genius of Mao's planning resulted in a famine that killed millions of people, right?

Andrew B said...

"indigenous tribal groups"

That's just silly.

The Indo-Aryans and Dravidians are not colonists (as has been conclusively proven by mitochondrial and y-chomosomal genetics), so other Indians living along side them are not more "indigenous".

The Indo-Aryans are primarily Y-chromosome C, H, J, and R1A. The Dravidians are primarily C, F, H, J, L, R1A, and RxR1. Indian women are generally groups M, R, and U.

R1A Y chromosomes are found throughout Siberia and Central Asia, as are U mitochondrial DNA. Y Chromosome L and H, and Mitochondrial DNA R are pretty unique to South Asia. The rest of the genetic material is common throughout South and East Asia, but not elsewhere.

Chachy said...

GS - I know, right? From a branding perspective, it seems like you could do better than to hitch your cart to the name of an infamous genocidal tyrant.

AB - I know somewhere on the order of absolutely zero about Indian tribal politics. I would only say that I'm not sure how far mitochondrial analysis can go in explaining the cultural distinctions, not to mention the power dynamics, between various groups of people. And those are distinct from questions about historical migration.

But I'm intrigued by your comment about the Indo-Aryans and Dravidians not being colonists. What do you mean, exactly? And more importantly: do you have a map that illustrates the point?

Andrew B said...


For a long time, based on the silly Aryan hypothesis, it was thought that the northern Indians, especially the fairer skinned/higher caste elites, who speak various Indo-European languages related to Sanskrit, were colonizing "invaders" who had "enslaved" and massacred the native population - especially, the generally darker skinned Dravidian speakers (who mostly live in the south of India), who were assumed to be in the majority of the native population. Thus:

"It is often speculated that Dravidian languages were native to India."

This was based on the thinking that if you spoke an Indo-European language, somehow you were from this mystical Aryan overlord group.

Based on this thinking, the non Indo-European speaking Dravidians were given special "opppressed" "tribal" status by modern India.

Dravidian Languages shown here:

Modern population genetics has conclusively proven that Indians are not closely related to Europeans, and that Dravidians and northern Indians are fairly closely related.

"Recent studies of the distribution of alleles on the Y chromosome,[1] microsatellite DNA,[2] and mitochondrial DNA [3] in India have cast overwhelmingly strong doubt for a biological Dravidian "race" distinct from non-Dravidians in the Indian subcontinent. The only distinct ethnic groups present in South Asia, according to genetic analysis, are the Balochi, Brahui, Burusho, Hazara, Kalash, Pathan and Sindhi peoples, the vast majority of whom are found in today's Pakistan."

The people's mentiond above live in western Pakistan and mostly speak tongues related those spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. The Brahui speak a Dravidian tongue, though, and the Sindhi speak an Indo-Sanskrit language.

Genetic maps of the world here:

Andrew B said...

Y Chromsome maps of West Asia.

Genetics of India (more maps at link)

FYI ... I am type G and from Switzerland in the male line (pretty conclusively proven by testing people of my surname in the US and Switzerland). It seems my family ultimately originates from North Ossetia in the Caucusus Mountains though, as that is the origin of group G.

Chachy said...

Interesting maps, Andrew. Still, even if the "Aryan hypothesis" is false, it may still be the case that Dravidian peoples in India are an underprivileged minority (and I don't know to what extent this is the case); genetic history doesn't really tell us anything about present-day social relations between groups (e.g., genetic distinctions had nothing to do with the US Civil War, the religious wards of Europe, or even ethnic conflicts in places like Rwanda and the Balkans, etc.).

Catatan Blogger Seo Matre ajib said...

Catatan Blogger Seo Matre Ajib for Catatan Blogger Seo Matre Ajib.

article SAP to buy Sybase said...

This is a really good read for me, Must admit that you are one of the best bloggers I ever saw.

Contextual links said...

Wow! This sounds new information that I really want to learn. Thanks for letting me know!

student loan|home improvement

world flash game said...

Hey this is really nice information. I was looking for something similar like this. Thanks for this useful information.

finance information|Watch Movie Online 90210

Contextual links said...

I think this type of article is useful for many readers blog.Thank you so much.

student loan|home improvement

Finance Tips And Reference said...

I finally found the information on this topic, ... I'll bookmark this page, ...

gadgets and tech tips|business review

info beasiswa said...

Thank you very much. I am wonderring if I can share your article in the bookmarks of society,Then more friends can talk about this...

Home Improvement

Company the Film said...

your wesbite good, I enjoyed visiting here ....

Company the Film

coklat said...

I will be the subscriber pages of this website, .. because what you write really make my knowledge grow ...

Anonymous said...

Thanks for the article, this site really enriches me ...

Bluetooth Headphones

annabel larsen said...

seemed to quite interesting, ... thank you for your article


acne solution said...

thank you for presenting the news that I needed ,....

acne solution said...

thank you for presenting the news that I needed ,....

daftar oriflame online said...

hope it will be better world

Anonymous said...

Plenty of good hermes handbag don’t just glance with fact cards. They as well surface by having an album that is the word for the assiduous action and also anxious data that perform their replica Hermes handbags a high-class. Alive some history with regards to artist and discount Hermes handbags artifact is as well actual handy.
lida is a new diet that creates an 11 day meal plan according to your tastes. Each day will have some kind of a theme. You will not have to count the amount of calories you consume or portion your meals. Rather, you will be encouraged to eat until you are satisfied with lida daidaihua but not the point of being stuffed. To illustrate clearly how daidaihua works, you might eat fish, chicken, fruit salad and cottage cheese for one day. You can eat as much as you want provided that you stop the very moment you feel full. Don't be worried about slimming capsule though. The entire day's meals consist primarily of proteins while it doesn't include that much carbohydrate. This kind of formula of lida slimming is important for one to lose excess fat without having to lose muscle as well. When you take in too little calories, your body will burn muscle and not fat.
There was a little pocket on the back of Chanel Wallet , where spare money could be stored, and the 2.55 boasted the now famous Mademoiselle lock, so named because Chanel handbags remained single throughout her life. Beneath the lock the front flap was ensconced a secret pocket, and it was there that Ms. Chanel handbag kept love letters from her many admirers. Adding a twist of scandal to the times, chanel watches was rumored that Nazi spy Hans Gunter von Dinklage was among her lovers.
Of course they want to make great profits by selling Tiffany co . These replicas are created either by using a mass production technique or by an individual silver bracelets designer who is striving to make a name for his services and capitalize on the original designs. Cheap Tiffany pendants makes a great success with the same looks and designs of Tiffany bracelets .

tn requin said...

sleeping bag
travel luggage
car gps
car parts
GPS navigation
portable GPS
lcd tv
flat tv
digital picture frames
unlocked cell phones
wedding dresses
wedding jewelry
chaussures mode
chaussures Femmes
women's shoes
round tablecloth
discount handbags
chaussures sport
chaussures pas cher
fashion bedding
id lanyard
creative gadgets
gift ideas
kids wall stickers
wall stickers
bath curtains
kitchen faucet
bathroom faucet

magic100 said...

Very informative and trustworthy blog. Please keep updating with great posts like this one. I have booked marked your site and am about to email it to a few friends of mine that I know would enjoy reading
sesli sohbet sesli chat sesli sohbet sesli chat

Sildenafil Citrate said...

I read the article on New York Times website and the escalating fight against Maoist rebels in India really amazed me and worried me since I have some friend there

Anonymous said...

This is pretty interesting to know. By the way my husband who likes to get Generic Viagra use to visit India to help people and kids there.

dfadf said...

Microsoft Office
Office 2010
Microsoft Office 2010
Office 2010 key
Office 2010 download
Office 2010 Professional
Microsoft outlook
Outlook 2010
Windows 7
Microsoft outlook 2010

berita terbaru said...

Modern population genetics has conclusively proven that Indians are not closely related to Europeans, and that Dravidians and northern Indians are fairly closely related.

point blank
Biro Jodoh Online Gratis
Ramalan Bintang Zodiak Terbaru
Ramalan Shio Zodiak Tionghoa
Kumpulan Contoh Naskah Pidato
Cara daftar point blank
Point Blank Online Indonesia
Kata-kata Bijak dan Motivasi
Koleksi Status Keren Facebook
mobile phone
my cupu
Harga Spesifikasi HP
Kumpulan berita terbaru

tempat terindah said...

indonewz fashionable tempat

Penis Enlargement Pills said...

I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I think I will leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have enjoyed reading. Nice blog. I will keep visiting this blog very often.

Dedy Rachman said...

Berita Indonesia Terbaru, Film BF, Tube8, Tante Girang, Harga Mobil Bekas, Ramalan Bintang, Daftar Harga HP Bekas, Biro Jodoh Online,Cara Membuat Makalah, SM*SH, Liga Primer Indonesia, Top 40 Tangga Lagu Indonesia, Ramalan Togel, Ramalan Zodiak, Gosip Artis Terbaru, Foto Ibu Hamil,, Kumpulan Cerpen, Foto Cewek Cantik, Film Terbaru, New Car

, New Car Release, Profil SM*SH.

photoblog said...

your wesbite good, I enjoyed visiting here ....

Celebrity Profile said...

visit here to read great information

justin bieber said...

The beauty of these blogging engines and CMS platforms is the lack of limitations and ease of manipulation it seems like you could do better than to hitch your cart to the name of an infamous genocidal tyrant.

тендеры на строительство и ремонт said...

I absolutely match with everything you've presented us.

Pekalongan Cheater said...

For a long time, based on the silly Aryan hypothesis, it was thought that the northern Indians, especially the fairer skinned/higher caste elites, who speak various Indo-European languages related to Sanskrit, were colonizing "invaders" who had "enslaved" and massacred the native population - especially Dating Tips . Fist Dating . First Dating Tips . Get Rid Of Hickey Tips . Rid of Blackheads Naturally

Anonymous said...

Hit upon not in how to accomplish a reverse telephone lookup or a cellular reverse phone lookup search or else yet a mobile phone number search search to locate absent who is trailing that character with the purpose of has been calling you this total point ok.

Anonymous said...

Invert cellular phone lookup sites akin to this one strength of character give you every kinds of mobile phone search facts so to facilitate you can finally find elsewhere their name, address, where they be alive, reverse phone lookup their current age and a lot other. So once you want with the purpose of expend a cellular phone number search in our day, barely execute persuaded to run through this beneficial tool to unearth not in each kinds of reorder telephone search details losing with the intention of character today.

Anonymous said...

I enjoy this nice swap telephone lookup otherwise telephone search before telephone number search spot. I can realize a imposing amount of reverse phone lookup things concerning turn around telephone search here now what time I check not at home this guide here.

comprar un yate said...

Quite worthwhile material, thanks for your post.

USA Online Casinos said...

online gambling
online gambling
usa online casinos
online casino
best online casino
usa online casinos
usa online casinos
usa online casinos
us online casinos
online casinos for usa players
online casinos for usa players
online casinos for usa players
best online casinos for us players
us online casinos
usa online casinos

album foto said...

I think people fear idea management and innovation because there's a significant number of ideas that simply won't plan out.......Nice statement.....keep posting

asuransi pendidikan said...

this day I've been searching for information on various issues, this I found very good and I would like to congratulate you for your work.

design interior jakarta said...

I think that this post is one of the best that i have read in my life, congrats you did a great job,.

perusahaan security said...

the difference between the content spammers and most corporate innovators is that the smaller

jual wine said...

I'm writing to you because I just came across a business that I think has great potential. It lets you save money on almost everything. Make money from almost everything,

coklat valentine said...

If growth is important to a firm, and if growth is dependent on offering existing products and services to new customers

belajar internet marketing said...

innovation is very natural and happens in the "real world" as new plants and animals colonize new ecological niches.

kuliner bandung said...

I wonder how you got so good. This is really a fascinating blog, lots of stuff that I can get into. One thing I just want to say is that your Blog is so perfect

konsultan perusahaan said...

We generally think most specifically about the risk associated with a new product introduction

how to stay erect said...

I would be aware that as somebody who really doesn’t comment to blogs a lot (in actual fact, this may be my first put up), I don’t think the time period “lurker” is very flattering to a non-posting reader.

cheap ugg boots said...

Discount UGG Boots Han Mingsheng gently replied: "Do not worry, I have nothing playable, I do not blog may lose."

cheapest uggs ever I want to know their living conditions, they start a family when their parents go through some difficulties, as well, is what prompted the uncle who had migrated so far away. yt21fdg

ugg kenly black Plans have changed during this period, Taipei Shen Jin Wu suddenly there are events and sick, her inability to come to Hong Kong, on the phone for half an hour with a big brother confessed, with a table of his youth on the road.

ugg discounts A night, Yinbai woke up and saw the lights still lit living room, she overheard adults talking foot chase, only alarmed the mother said: "Yinbai owned by me, you take a good." Yin Bai Ji into the study to indicate small.

viagra online said...

I wonder if our government will help India to control these guys!

Anonymous said...

jual obat kanker serviks herbal
penjual obat kanker serviks herbal
jual obat kanker serviks
obat kanker serviks herbal
jual pengobatan kanker serviks herbal
Obat Kanker Otak Herbal
Obat Kanker Otak
Obat Kanker Otak dr Herbal
Obat penyakit Kanker Otak Herbal
pengobatan Kanker Otak Herbal
jual obat kanker otak herbal
jual obat kanker otak
obat kanker otak herbal
penjual obat kanker otak herbal
jual obat sakit kanker otak herbal
Jual Obat Kanker Payudara Herbal
Jual Obat Kanker Payudara
Jual Obat penyakit Kanker Payudara Herbal
Obat Kanker Payudara Herbal
Jual Obat untuk Kanker Payudara Herbal
Obat Kanker Payudara Herbal
Obat sakit Kanker Payudara Herbal
Obat penyakit Kanker Payudara Herbal
Obat Kanker Payudara
Obat untuk Kanker Payudara Herbal
obat kanker paru-paru herbal
obat kanker paru-paru
obat untuk kanker paru-paru
obat sakit kanker paru-paru
pengobatan kanker paru-paru herbal
jual obat kanker paru paru herbal
jual obat penyakit kanker paru paru herbal
penjual obat kanker paru paru herbal
jual obat kanker paru paru
jual obat kanker paru paru herbal dan ampuh
mengobati kemaluan laki-laki-keluar nanah
mengobati penyakit kemaluan laki-laki-keluar nanah
mengobati kemaluan keluar nanah
mengobati kemaluan pria keluar nanah
mengobati penyakit kemaluan laki-laki keluar nanah
mengobati kemaluan perempuan keluar nanah
mengobati sakit kemaluan perempuan keluar nanah
mengobati kemaluan wanita keluar nanah
obat untuk kemaluan perempuan keluar nanah
mengobati penyakit kemaluan perempuan keluar nanah

obat manjur said...

GOOD article,
Obat Sekitar Kemaluan Mengeluarkan Cairan Nanah
Mengobati Kutil Pada Daerah Kemaluan Wanita
Cara Mengobati Kutil Pada Daerah Kemaluan Wanita
Mengobati Bintik Kutil Pada Daerah Kemaluan Wanita
Mengobati Benjolan Kutil Pada Daerah Kemaluan Wanita
Mengobati Kutil Pada Daerah Kemaluan Wanita Secara Alami

blogku said...

matur suwun

kutil di kemaluan wanita
kutil di kemaluan pria
menghilangkan kutil di kemaluan
cara mengobati kutil di kemaluan
obat wasir ampuh
obat ambeien di apotik
obat ambeien
obat ambeien tanpa operasi
obat untuk ambeien yang sudah parah
mengobati ambeien secara alami
mengobati kanker serviks
mengobati kanker payudara
obat kanker